Cobalt Institute LCA Data
Data stock: Default root data stock

Process data set overview page

Data set: Tri-cobalt tetraoxide (Co3O4) (00.00.001)

Full name
Tri-cobalt tetraoxide (Co3O4); mining, beneficiation, primary extraction, refining, transport; production mix, at plant; 73% cobalt
Reference year
Valid until
Reference flow(s)
LCI result
LCIA results included?
Materials production / Other materials
CAS 1308-06-1
Use advice for data set
The data set represents a [FOR AGG PROCESSES, PLEASE WRITE "cradle to gate", FOR P-AGG, PLEASE WRITE "partly aggregated cradle to gate"] inventory. It can be used to characterise the supply chain situation of the respective commodity in a representative manner. Combination with individual unit processes using this commodity enables the generation of user-specific (product) LCAs.
Data set use approval
No official approval by producer or operator
General comment
This study assesses the cradle-to-gate impacts of the production of cobalt products based on a global production and technology mix. The study considers surface and underground mining of both sulphidic and lateritic ore as well as both pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical processing routes. To ensure the technological representativeness production data were gathered from the Cobalt Institute’s participating members and non-members.
LCI Method Principle
LCI Method Approaches
  • Allocation - market value
  • Allocation - exergetic content
  • Allocation - net calorific value
  • Allocation - mass
Completeness of product model
All relevant flows quantified
  • Dependent internal review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Good - 2.0
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Good - 2.0
    • Precision: Good - 2.0
    • Completeness: Good - 2.0
    • Geographical representativeness: Good - 2.0
    • Time representativeness: Very good - 1.0
    • Technological representativeness: Very good - 1.0
  • Independent external review by
License and access conditions
License type
Access information
Sphera Managed LCA Content (database, potentially including extension modules or single datasets and documentation) is and remains property of Sphera Solutions, Inc. and its affiliates (“Sphera”). The license is comprised of the right of use for one installation of the ordered Sphera Managed LCA Content. Further installations using the same license are not permitted. Additional licenses are only valid if the licensee holds at least one main license. Licenses are not transferable and must only be used within the licensee's organization. Datasets may be copied for internal use only. The number of copies is restricted to the number of licenses of the Managed LCA Content the licensee owns. The right of use is exclusively valid for the licensee and is limited to the extent stated in the agreement between Sphera and licensee. A separate agreement between licensee and Sphera is required to access the Managed LCA Content. Nothing herein shall transfer ownership of any intellectual property rights belonging to Sphera unless expressly agreed to in a separate agreement. Nothing herein shall limit the restrictions on licensee’s use rights as stated in an agreement with Sphera. In case of a conflict between these restrictions and an agreement between Sphera and licensee, the agreement shall prevail. © 2022 All rights reserved.
Owner of data set
Sphera Solutions GmbH
Technical purpose
Intermediate and refined cobalt materials are used in various sectors and applications such as batteries, catalysts, magnets, nickel alloys, pigments, tool materials and others.
Input Products
No records found.
No records found.
Data set version
Time stamp (last saved)
Data set format
Compliance systems
  • GHG Protocol Product Standard (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ILCD Data Network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ISO 14025 Ecolabels (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ISO 14046 Water Footprint (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ISO 14067 Carbon Footprint and ISO 14068 Carbon Footprint of Companies (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • ISO 14072 Organizational LCA (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • Sphera LCA Databases Modelling Principles (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
Registered in
Registry nameBase URLStatus
Data Set deregistration
Are you sure you want to deregister selected dataset?
Please enter the reason of deregistration and confirm.