Cobalt Institute LCA Data
Data stock: Default root data stock

Process data set overview page

Data set: Cobalt, refined (metal) (00.00.000)

Full name
Cobalt, refined (metal); hydro- and pyrometallurgical processes; production mix, at plant; >99% Co
Reference year
Valid until
Reference flow(s)
LCI result
LCIA results included?
Materials production / Metals and semimetals / Material production / Metal production
Use advice for data set
The data set is a cradle to gate life cycle inventory (LCI) of cobalt (metal). the LCI data set should be used for LCI/LCA whenever generic data for cobalt (metal) production are needed. Metallic cobalt, in its different forms, is used as a component in the production of batteries, catalysts, corrosion resistant super alloys, hard metals, diamond tools and hard facing, magnets and electronics, and high-strength alloys and steel. Another application of cobalt is as cobalt chemicals, many of which are produced from primary intermediates and not from metal. There are no currently available LCI data sets for cobalt chemicals. Therefore, some practitioners may choose to use the cobalt metal data set as an analogue in such cases and should be aware of the implications of such choice. For more details please contact CDI.
Data set use approval
General comment
The data set is part of a critically reviewed LCA of refined cobalt. The study is based on primary data supplied by members of the Cobalt Development Institute, and thus reflecting current mining and processing of metallic cobalt. The resulting data set is based on both main cobalt production routes: hydrometallurgical and pyrometallurgical processes. The data set is a weighted average of the various production routes, based on production volumes.
LCI Method Principle
LCI Method Approaches
  • Allocation - market value
  • Allocation - element content
  • Substitution - average, no correction
Completeness of product model
All relevant flows quantified
  • Independent external review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Good
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Precision: Good
    • Completeness: Good
    • Geographical representativeness: Fair
    • Time representativeness: Good
    • Technological representativeness: Good
License and access conditions
License type
Free of charge for all users and uses
Access information
The data set can be used free of charge by anybody to perform LCA studies, to distribute it to third parties, to convert it to other formats, to develop own data sets etc. as long as the copyright and license conditions for the ELCD data sets and the ILCD format are met that can be accessed via Please note e.g. that reference must be given to the 'Owner of data set' and to the 'ELCD database' plus version number, when using the data set or parts thereof. Please note also, that any modifications/omissions of the data set results in invalidity of any existing 'Official approval of data set by producer/operator', that the impression must be avoided that this would still be a complete ELCD data set, and that the content of further fields has to be adjusted. For details see the aforementioned copyright and license conditions.
Owner of data set
Technical purpose
As a component in the production of batteries, catalysts, corrosion resistant super alloys, hard metals, diamond tools and hard facing, magnets and electronics, and high-strength alloys and steel, as well as cobalt chemicals.
Input Products
No records found.
No records found.
Data set version
Time stamp (last saved)
Data set format
Compliance systems
  • ILCD data network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
Registered in
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